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El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz/Malcom X

Today marks the birthday of El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, known to many as Malcolm X. Many have written about this civil rights activist, scholar and philosopher who was gunned down at a pivotal time in his life. He is loved and loathed by many who remember two, very different men. El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz was more than a dichotomy — he was a complex human being, figuring out his place in the world in the public eye, one day at a time. He is more than hats, t-shirts and a seminal film. He is an important figure in American culture. We thought we’d bring you some of his notable achievements, which we hope will inspire you to

search for more information about his complicated life. Click here to learn more about the man and the legend commonly known as Malcolm X.

Happy Birthday Malcom

Peace, Tenthltr2u

RUSHMORE DRIVE – a search engine for the Black Community

About tenthltr2u (1074 Articles)
A child of the 60's I often feel out of place in the world as it exist today. Too much excess, too much materialism, too few people who genuinely care or give a damn. It is only with the heart that one can see rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye. Antoine de Saint-Exupery

3 Comments on El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz/Malcom X

  1. One of our greatest minds, A fearless leader, outspoken social activist and a strong husband and father. He walked the walk! Love him!!! Thanks for the Rushmore Drive link, great information!


  2. Thanks for posting and a Happy Birthday to El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcolm X) Thanks for the additional links and knowledge –


  3. "For More Information About His Complicated Life" – Thought you might be interested! – May 28, 2009Malcolm X Excerpts:As was indicated, May 20, 2009 marked the birthday of El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, known to many as Malcolm– "Many have written about this civil rights activists, scholar and philosopher who was gunned down at a pivotal time in his life. He is loved and loathed by many who remember two, very different men. El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz was more than a dichotomy – he was a complex human being, figuring out his place in the world in the public eye, one day at a time. He is more than hats, t-shirts and a seminal film. He is an important figure in American culture." Quote: “ the powerfully conservatizing and corrupting influences exerted by the American economic and social atmosphere: “You can cuss out colonialism, imperialism, and all other kinds of ism, but it’s hard for you to cuss that dollarism. When they drop those dollars on you, your soul goes. (footnote: Malcolm X Speaks, p. 215)”THE TWO MALCOLMS – HIS LEARNING AND INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT:“Malcolm X’s development began when he was locked up in Boston’s Charlestown State Prison in February 1946 when he was only 20 years old after being arrested for burglary and receiving a sentence to serve ten years.. After a period of sullen, defiant and rebellious behavior for which he was often placed in solitary confinement, Malcolm, influenced by an older prisoner who had been a veteran of many prisons, life who had broadened his mind with the study of such subjects as grammar, history, and philosophy, decided to enroll in a correspondence course in English grammar. Because Malcolm had dropped out of school in the eighth grade, he had much catching up to do. He soon expanded his studies to include Latin and linguistics. Although his vocabulary and handwriting remained fairly crude, his ability to express his ideas improved bit by bit. In 1948 his sister Ella persuaded state prison officials to move him to a more modern facility in nearby Norfolk, Massachusetts. The new prison operated under more relaxed rules and had a large library. Malcolm took advantage of the prison’s educational program which featured lectures and debates by instructors from local colleges, and he steadily improved his speaking skills”. [Source: Jack Rummel, Malcolm X: Militant Black Leader (Black Americans of Achievement, Legacy Edition, Chelsea House Publishers: Philadelphia), 2005“The prison (Norfolk Prison Colony, in Massachusetts) had a surprisingly large library, a gift left in someone’s will. To educate himself and to improve his penmanship, Malcolm copied one page from the dictionary into a notebook each day. He also read an encyclopedia and many other books. Malcolm read the Bible, H. G. Wells’ Outline of Histtory, books about gentics, and the classic antislavery novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin. "By 1950 he had tremendously increased his vocabulary and knowledge of world events and history.” [Source: Biography: Michael Benson, Malcolm X, A&E Lerner Publications: Minneapolis – A&E and Biography are trademarks of the A&E Television Networks), 2002"He studied philosophy, science, and religion. He used the light that came into his cell from the hallway. When a guard passed, Malcolm moved to his bunk and pretended to be asleep. Later on, he blamed those long hours of reading in low light for his need to wear glasses.” [Source: Just the Facts Biographies, Michael Benson, In Consultation with Martha Cosgrove, M.A. and Reading Specialist, Malcolm X (Lerner Publishing Company: Minneapolis), 2005 (Children’s book)“In 1948, he was transferred to Norfolk (Massachusetts) Prison Colony instructors for the educational rehabilitation programs came from Harvard, Boston University and other educational institutions in the area. The library was outstanding. The inmates were allowed to walk among the rows of books, selecting the ones they wanted. "… Introduction: … Twenty-eight years have passed since Malcolm was shot dead at Harlem’s Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965. Yet it’s as if he just died. His message is more sought after than ever. His speeches can be purchased recorded on audiocassettes, and his image is printed on T-shirts. New books describe, interpret and analyze him. Operas have been composed about him, and off-Broadway plays written about him. And Spike Lee’s 1992 film Malcolm X dramatizes his life. … Photographs: “While in prison, Malcolm’s mind was opened to the writings of many great thinkers. One of them was W.E.B. DuBois, shown here with Mary McLeod Bethune, founder of Bethune-Cookman College (Florida), and Horace Mann Bond, president of Lincoln University (Pennsylvania) … “Malcolm grants a press conference at Lewis Michaux’s National Memorial African Book Store, a gathering place for black nationalists in Harlem”. … “Spike Lee’s 1992 film Malcolm X popularized Malcolm X’s life. Spike Lee as Shorty and Denzel Washington as Malcolm X, in a scene that takes place at Boston’s Roseland Ballroom.” … “A UNIA (Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association) parade in Harlem in 1930. UNIA’s annual parades and conventions in New York drew thousands. With several hundred chapters around the country, the UNIA was the biggest mass-based nationalist movement among black people. … Marcus Garvey raised millions of dollars to carry out his plans for American blacks to establish economic links to Africa and the Caribbean” … “Malcolm X at a press conference held at the Hotel Theresa in New York City on May 21, 1964. He called for an alliance of blacks to bring the plight of African-Americans before the United Nations” … “For Martin Luther King and thousands of others, the March on Washington symbolized the promise that blacks and whites could truly live and work together harmoniously.” [Source: Sande Smith, The Life and Philosophy of Malcolm X (Chartwell Books, Inc.: Secaucus, New Jersey), 1993Other books: Bernard Aquina Doctor, Malcom X for Beginners (Writers and Readers Publishing, Inc.: New York), 1992 – (Childrens’ book: “Powerful narrative and graphics tell the story of Malcolm X’s life, his journey of self-discovery, his far-reaching ideas, his martyrdom, and his impact on an era. Embraced as a righteous prophet of Black power and pride, damned as the voice of violence, Malcolm X emerges as a complex, brave, and brilliant figure with much to teach about the struggle for dignity.” Your blog comment "error" section indicated the remainder of the excerpts could not be included, so I put the entire version on m blog website, if you are interested in reading the remainder of the recommended readings on Malcolm X…. Perhaps the following will be accepted.Malcolm X on “Intermarriage”: “It will surely help to clarify Malcolm’s position on such relatively simple questions as interracial marriage. As a Black Muslim, he said that intermarriage was harmful, evil, a device to undermine the freedom struggle. In the transition period, his main emphasis was on the points that intermarriage was difficult and painful for interracial couples. ‘In a world as color-hostile as this,’ and that it did not ‘prove anything positive.’ (His remarks on the subject (footnote: Malcolm X, Autobiography, pp. 279-280) Yet before those remarks from the transition period could be published, he said, on a Canadian TV program a month before his death, that he regarded intermarriage as a personal matter – ‘it’s just one human being marrying another human being,’ another of the ‘strides toward oneness’ – adding that he did not feel on the defensive about having had different positions in the past, since those earlier positions had been ‘reactions’ by a victim of a discriminatory society. (footnote: Malcolm X Speaks, p. 213)Louis A. DeCaro, Jr., On the Side of My People: A Religious Life of Malcolm X (New York University Press: New York and London), 1996 – Commentary: “A significant contribution to the literature about Malcolm X. From the Garveyite beliefs of Malcolm’s parents, the cultic religion of Elijah Muhammad and finally orthodox Islam, DeCaro explores the development of Malcolm X’s spiritual life. I recommend it to anyone interested in gaining a wider appreciation of Malcolm X.” – James H. Cone, Author of Martin & Malcolm & America and A Dream or a Nightmare


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